Solomon Island Skink
This skink is endemic to the Solomon Islands in Oceania (off the coast of Australia).
They are completely herbivorous, eating fruits, vegetables, flowers, leaves and shoots.
It is the largest known species of skink and one of the few species of reptile known to function within a social group (called a ‘circulus’). This skink is most active during the dusk and dawn hours.
Unlike most reptiles, the female carries the young inside her, nourishing them with a placenta. Females exhibit fierce protective behavior around the time of birth. After 6-8 months, one lizard is born, though twins and triplets have been observed. The newly hatched lizard is huge, nearly half the size of the mother. The newborn skink will stay within its circulus (social group) for six to twelve months during which time it will be protected by not only its parents but other unrelated adult skinks within the group.
Extensive logging is a serious threat to the survival of this species. Consumption for food by indigenous Solomon Islanders and excessive pet trade exports has affected wild populations.
- Latin Name: Corucia zebrata
- Class: Reptiles
- Order: Squamata
- Conservation status: Data Deficient
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