Western Lowland Gorilla
Tropical forest and lowland swamps in central Africa.
Low-growing leaves, herbs, stems and fruit.
Gorillas live and travel together in stable groups. An average family is made up of adult females, 4 - 5 offspring of different ages and an adult male called the 'silverback' because of his silvery white saddle.
Usually a single youngster is born after a gestation of 250 - 270 days (8 - 9 months). Due to the long gestation time, long period of parental care, and infant mortality, a female gorilla will only give birth to an offspring that survives to maturity every four to six years.
Hunting and war, capture for the pet trade and habitat destruction.
Big game hunting of gorillas is banned; also their live capture and sale. Conservation education programmes and ecotourism are being developed to encourage protection of gorillas within reserves. There is a European Endangered species Programme (EEP) for this species of gorilla.
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- Latin Name: Gorilla gorilla gorilla
- Class: Mammals
- Order: Primates
- Family: Pongidae
- Conservation status: Critically Endangered
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