Leaves
Leaves

Southern Screamer

Zoo Location: Wetland
Southern Screamer
Habitat

Tropical and sub-tropical swamps, estuaries and watersides.

Wild Diet

Southern screamers feed mainly on water plants, but it also takes seeds, leaves and stems of cultivated crops.

Behaviour

Southern screamers gather in large flocks at communal roosts, standing up in shallow water. They also rest in trees during long periods. If alarmed or threatened, they fly straight up into a tree, and utter loud alarm calls. They call all the year round.

Breeding

Southern screamers usually pair for life. Courtship displays include repeated calls in duet, and mutual preening. Both mates also walk side to side and head almost touching the back. Copulation occurs on the ground. They breed at any time of the year, both adults building their large nests on the ground near water. The female lays 3 to 5 white eggs, with pale spots. Incubation lasts about 43 to 46 days, shared by both parents.

Threats

This species is threatened by degradation of its habitat and drainage of wetlands for agriculture extension. It is also a popular target for hunters.

Southern Screamer Southern Screamer

INFORMATION

  • Latin Name: Chauna torquata
  • Class: Birds
  • Order: Anseriformes
  • Family: Anhimidae
  • Conservation status: Least Concern
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