Hilly and lowland tropical rainforests on the Indonesian island of Borneo.
Mainly fruit but also leaves, bark, buds, flowers, seeds, insects, young birds and eggs.
This is the second largest of the apes and the largest tree-dwelling mammal. Orang-utans have a shaggy coat, which is a reddish brown colour. They are heavily built and their arms reach down to their ankles. Adults usually live alone but infants remain with their mother and become completely independent by around 6 to 9 years of age.
A single youngster is born after a gestation of 260 to 270 days (8.5 to 9 months). Young orang-utans have white speckles of skin around the eyes, which darken as they get older.
Wild orang-utans have global legal protection. Some orang-utans live within protected forests and there are successful rehabilitation programmes for rescued pets and orphans. The main threat today is the loss of habitat due to unsustainable palm oil production, illegal logging and agriculture. Hunting and capture for the pet trade are also significant threats.
There are also conservation breeding programmes in zoos world-wide including a European Endangered species Programme (EEP).
- Latin Name: Pongo pygmaeus
- Class: Mammals
- Order: Primates
- Family: Pongidae
- Conservation status: Critically Endangered
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