The beautiful black rhino is native to the scrublands and grasslands of Eastern and Southern Africa. 98% of the total population is found in just 4 countries: South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Kenya.
Our rhinos are fed a mix of lucerne, fresh browse and browser pellets. As this species are browsers, they will eat all day - both the foliage outside and the food provided to them.
In the wild they eat leafy plants, branches, shoots and fruit. Their prehensile, pointed upper lip helps them to grasp their food.
Rhinos are typically solitary animals, with the strongest bond forming between a mother and her calf. They are most active in the morning and evening, when they travel, feed and drink.
This species can breed all-year round, and following a long gestation of 15 months, a single calf is born. Black rhinos are weaned by 1.5 years old, although they become completely independent only after turning 4 years old.
There are five species of rhino, all of which are endangered, and only intensive management programmes in zoos and national parks will save them from extinction. The total number of black rhinos in the wild today is around 5,000 individuals. Trade in rhino horn is banned world-wide.
- Latin Name: Diceros bicornis
- Class: Mammals
- Order: Perissodactyla
- Family: Rhinocerotidae
- Conservation status: Critically Endangered
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