Black Crowned Crane
Open marshlands, grasslands, and swamps.
Seeds and insects.
The black crowned crane is a large, long-legged bird with a straight bill, long neck, a bare pink or red and white cheek patch and a golden feathery crown protruding from the back of its head. Black crowned cranes are non-migratory, nesting in small, temporary wetlands during the rainy season and gathering in large, permanent wetlands during the dry season. In general, the male tends to be larger in size than the female. NZ - This is a sub-species of crowned crane, closely related to the East African crowned crane, and like them they nest in trees. At first glance the black necked crowned crane looks the same as the East African species – and they are very similar apart from the different colour of their plumage.
The female lays 2-4 eggs in a nest made of vegetation located on the ground or in shallow water. She incubates them for 28 to 36 days and the young leave the nest soon after hatching but remain with the parents for two to four months.
Black crowned cranes are fully protected by law in most of the countries where they occur, although this protection is often ineffective.
- Latin Name: Balearica pavonina
- Class: Birds
- Order: Gruiformes
- Family: Gruidae
- Conservation status: Vulnerable
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