Being widely-known for their two large humps, Bactrian camels live in the steppe grasslands and deserts across Central and East Asia.
They are herbivores and can eat a variety of plants that are prickly, dry, salty or bitter!
Wild camels are highly migratory, with herds traveling huge distances in search of water and food. The humps do not store water - instead they contain energy-rich fat, which camels metabolise for energy when there is little food available.
Despite their size, they are good swimmers and also have great eyesight.
Bactrian camels are polygynous animals, which means that one male can mate with multiple females. After a gestation period of 13 months, one calf is usually born, but sometimes two calves can be born. Calves have the ability to walk just a few hours after they are born.
This species is protected by law in China and Mongolia, with less than 1000 individuals thought to remain in the wild today. They are threatened by habitat loss through human developments, such as mining.
- Latin Name: Camelus bactrianus
- Class: Mammals
- Order: Artiodactyla
- Family: Camelidae
- Conservation status: Critically Endangered
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