Hyacinth macaw

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

Hyacinth macaw at Paignton Zoo
IUCN Conservation Status –
Least Concern
Extinct In The Wild
Class: Birds
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae

The striking hyacinth macaw is the world’s longest parrot, endemic today to just three main populations in South America: in the Pantanal region of Brazil, eastern Bolivia and north-eastern Paraguay. They live in palm swamps and woodlands.

The macaw feeds mainly on nuts from acuri and bocaiuva palms, as well as a wide variety of seeds and tree fruits.

Interesting facts!

  • These beautiful birds have a very gentle nature with a loving personality. They can also mimic human voices!
  • The macaw uses its beak to make a mark in a nut. Then, as a cutter does, it slices the nut into two halves to eat.
  • Hyacinth macaws are monogamous and usually remain with one partner their entire life. After breeding, one or two eggs are laid in the nest, which are then incubated for around a month. Chicks fledge around 4 months after hatching.


Hyacinth macaw numbers are in decline due to the illegal pet trade and destruction of their habitat. With no more than 6,500 individuals in the wild and numbers decreasing, the species is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.

Our pair of hyacinth macaws, Gregory and Mrs Gregory, are part of the EAZA ex-situ breeding programme (EEP) for the species.