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Hamadryas baboon

Papio hamadryas

240417 PZ Hamadryas Baboon LR BC 02
IUCN Conservation Status –
Least Concern
Extinct In The Wild
Class: Mammals
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae

Our large troop of baboons live at Baboon Rock and are not to be missed during a zoo visit!

Hamadryas baboons are native to northeastern Africa up to the Arabian Peninsula. They inhabit a variety of habitats including plains, sub-deserts and savannahs.

These primates have a varied diet in the wild, including fruits, seeds, grass, insects and eggs.

Interesting facts!

  • Baboons have a very complex social structure, formed of one-male units (known as OMUs). These units are made up of 1 to 9 females and their young. They are led by a dominant mature male. Each OMU usually also has a subordinate male, which is normally a son of the dominant male.
  • This species played an important role in the folklore and art of Ancient Egypt, being considered representatives of the God of Learning, Thoth.
  • Mutual grooming plays a big part in the daily life of baboons, helping to enhance bonds within the groups. You will often see our baboons enjoying a good groom!


Hamadryas baboons are widespread throughout their native range and breed very well in zoos. They are classified as being of Least Concern on the IUCN Red List, but still face threats today including habitat loss and hunting for their skin.